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Rufous Hummingbird

Rufous Hummingbird
Rufous Hummingbird female

© Alan Murphy

Selasphorus rufus

Family: (Trochilidae) Hummingbirds

Preferred Habitat: Woods and backyard gardens.

Seasonal Occurrence: Uncommon mid-October through March.

Notes: Male Rufous Hummingbirds are bright orange on the back and belly with a vivid iridescent orange-red throat. Females are green above with rufous-washed flanks, rufous patches in the green tail, and often a spot of orange in the throat. The Rufuous is the most aggressive hummingbird and is extremely territorial. Both males and females will chatter loudly while flashing their throat feathers and flaring their tails to chase away other hummingbirds.

Rufous hummingbirds normally begin arriving here in late August. They make one of the longest migratory journeys of any bird in the world, as measured by body size. At just over 3 inches long, its roughly 3,900-mile movement (one-way) from Alaska to Mexico is equivalent to 78,470,000 body lengths.

Rufous Hummingbird male
Rufous Hummingbird male

© Helen Baines

Rufous Hummingbird female
Rufous Hummingbird female

© David McDonald

Rufous Hummingbird fun fact
  • Citgo
  • BP
  • Chevron Retiree Association
  • Land Sea & Sky
  • Shell Oil Company Foundation
  • Strabo Tours
  • Tropical Birding