Swamp Sparrow (adult nonbreeding plumage)
Family: (Emberizidae) New World Sparrows
Preferred Habitat: Marshes and fields
Seasonal Occurrence: Abundant November through mid-April
Notes: Swamp Sparrows are one of the most common sparrows on the Upper Texas Coast, but their cryptic coloring in shades of rufous, gray, and tan can make them difficult to see. Swamp Sparrows prefer wetland habitats. They sometimes stick their heads underwater to catch aquatic invertebrates. The solid chestnut cap of adults acquires a central gray stripe in winter. First winter males have darker faces, and the white throat patch is not as evident.
- Susan Billetdeaux