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Orange-crowned Warbler

Orange-crowned Warbler
Orange-crowned Warbler

© Wayne Nicholas

Vermivora celata

Family: (Parulidae) Wood-Warblers

Preferred Habitat: Woodlands and forests.

Seasonal Occurrence: Common October through March. Absent in summer.

Profile by Vicki Stittleburg: The Orange-crowned Warbler causes identification problems for many birders as its drab, olive yellow appearance and lack of field marks make it resemble the females of other warbler species and the namesake orange crown patch is rarely seen. Compared with other warblers, the Orange-crowned has a noticeably thin, sharply pointed bill. It has a thin, faint, dark eye line, a bright yellow eyebrow and a broken eye ring. The undertail coverts are bright yellow and are often the brightest part of the plumage.

The Orange-crowned Warbler is one of our most common warblers in winter and one of the most frequently encountered ones in backyard gardens; however, It is often overlooked as it is well-camouflaged by its gray-green plumage and it usually forages silently and alone. Look and listen for the Orange-crowned Warbler in dense shrubbery and low trees where they glean insects from leaves. They supplement their insect diet with fruit, berries, seeds, and are common visitors at the sapwells drilled by sapsuckers and some other woodpeckers They often give a high, faint contact call while foraging.

Comments by Don Verser: Orange-crowned Warblers in the east are very late migrants and rare before mid October. I have only 4 records earlier than 14 October. The very few Orange-crowneds that arrive in late Sep and early Oct are probably western race birds. Identify early Orange-crowned Warblers very carefully. BEWARE that Orange-crowned Warblers can be confused with first fall Tennessee Warblers. Always look at the undertail coverts which are yellow on Orange-crowned and distinctly white on Tennessee. Dull Yellow Warblers might also be confused with Orange-crowned Warblers. Check for the yellow undertail of Yellow Warblers.

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