Family: (Ardeidae) Herons, Egrets and Bitterns
Preferred Habitat: Marshes, ponds and lakes
Seasonal Occurrence: Common throughout the year
Notes: The Great Egret is a tall wading bird that occurs worldwide in temperate and tropical habitats, and is found in wetlands throughout the United States. Great Egrets are found in Texas year-round.
Great Egrets are white, with long, yellow bills and long, black legs. In breeding plumage, they have delicate feathers, known as aigrettes, on their backs, which they use in their courtship display, and a bright green patch around their eyes. There are no plumage differences between males and females. In flight, Great Egrets tuck their long necks in and hold their legs extended past their tail.
Great Egrets were nearly hunted to extinction in the United States in the late 1800s, when their aigrettes were widely sought for ladies’ hats. It was not uncommon for rookeries with hundreds of birds to be targeted by hunters and destroyed within days. The rapid decline in Great Egrets, and many other North American bird species, due to demand for their feathers sparked conservation movements across the country which put an end to their hunting and allowed the Great Egret to make a successful comeback. Just last week, there were almost 1000 Great Egrets, many of them nesting, at the rookery in our Smith Oaks Sanctuary in High Island! Why not head down and get a look at those stunning feathers in all their glory!
- Richard Gibbons